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P-Wave Dispersion in Patients with Constrictive Pericarditis of Non-Ischemic Etiology Including Tubercoulous and Non-Tuberculous Subjects: A Pilot Study

AUTHORS

Gholam Reza Rezaian 1 , * , Masoud Pour Moghaddas 2 , Shahed Rezaian 3 , Lida Liaghat 4 , Najaf Zare 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Cardiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Cardiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Radiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Internal Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

5 Department of Biostatistics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Rezaian G R, Pour Moghaddas M , Rezaian S, Liaghat L , Zare N . P-Wave Dispersion in Patients with Constrictive Pericarditis of Non-Ischemic Etiology Including Tubercoulous and Non-Tuberculous Subjects: A Pilot Study, Int Cardio Res J. 2017 ; 9(4):e10872. doi: 10.17795/icrj-9(4)199.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 9 (4); e10872
Published Online: December 31, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 08, 2014
Revised: April 04, 2015
Accepted: May 12, 2015
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Abstract

Background: Although P-wave dispersion has proven to be a reliable electrocardiographic predictor of Atrial Fibrillation (AF) in many clinical settings, its significance in patients with Constrictive Pericarditis (CP) of non-ischemic origin is to be reported.
Objectives: This study aimed to find out whether p-wave dispersion is prolonged in patients with documented CP of non-ischemic origin.
Patients and Methods: This study was conducted on twenty patients with CP, 16 males and 4 females, with the mean age of 39.0 ± 20.5 years and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. All the Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were scanned and the P-wave parameters were measured electronically after × 400% magnification.
Results: Our main finding was a significantly prolonged maximum P-wave duration (P = 0.018) and P-wave dispersion (P = 0.049) in the patients with CP compared to the control group. These parameters, however, did not have any correlation with the patients’ age and disease duration.
Conclusions: Since AF is common in patients with CP of any etiology and may have a negative impact on their outcome, detection of individuals susceptible to development of AF could be of great clinical value.

Keywords

Constrictive Pericarditis Maximum P-wave Duration Tuberculosis Atrial Fibrillation

© 0, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

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