Hypertensive Patients and Normotensive Individuals: Differences in Anger Inventory

AUTHORS

Ali Sahraian 1 , Mahsa Mokhtari 2 , Alireza Moaref 3 , vala rezaee 4 , Ebrahim Moghimi 4 , Arash Mani 4 , *

1 Substance Abuse Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Sahraian A, Mokhtari M, Moaref A , rezaee V, Moghimi E, et al. Hypertensive Patients and Normotensive Individuals: Differences in Anger Inventory, Int Cardio Res J. 2017 ; 9(4):e10911. doi: 10.17795/icrj-9(4)216.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 9 (4); e10911
Published Online: December 31, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 26, 2014
Revised: April 12, 2015
Accepted: May 04, 2015
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Abstract

Background: Hypertension (HTN) is a common condition with increasing prevalence rate. Hypertensive patients have a high prevalence of mental disorders, including anger.
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the score of anger in hypertensive patients in comparison to the individuals with normal blood pressure in Shiraz.
Patients and Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 100 patients with HTN and 107 normal controls with the mean age of 52.48 and 53.78 years, respectively. These patients had referred to Shiraz HTN clinic in 2013. All the patients completed the Multidimensional Anger Inventory (MAI) and the results were analyzed using the SPSS statistical software, 2010.
Results: The participants were matched regarding age and other demographic factors which might have influenced HTN. Distributions of these factors were partly similar and the differences were not significant. The HTN group obtained higher scores in all dimensions. Besides, the differences were significant in all subscales, except for anger.
Conclusions: In line with the previous researches, the present study indicated that high level of aggression was correlated to high blood pressure. Therefore, it is necessary to have psychological interventions along with other interventions for hypertensive patients. Overall, this research confirmed biopsycho approach to psychosomatic diseases.

Keywords

Anger Hypertension Cardiovascular Diseases

© 0, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

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