The Relationship between Serum Hemoglobin and Creatinine Levels and Intra-Hospital Mortality and Morbidity in Acute Myocardial Infarction
Article Notes and Dates
International Cardiovascular Research Journal: March 31, 2017,
; e10912.Published Online: December 31, 2015
To Cite :
M T, Khatibi-Moghaddam
M, et al. The Relationship between Serum Hemoglobin and Creatinine Levels and Intra-Hospital Mortality and Morbidity in Acute Myocardial Infarction,
Int Cardio Res J.
Copyright © 2017, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. .
Background: Studies have shown that Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) and Hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations are two predictive values for ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (MI) mortality. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between GFR and Hb concentrations and intra-hospital mortality and electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic abnormalities in ST-elevation MI patients admitted to a highly equipped hospital in Mashhad. The results will help define some factors to manage these patients more efficiently. Patients and Methods: This descriptive study aimed to assess the relationship between Hb and GFR concentrations and mortality and morbidity among 294 randomly selected patients with ST-elevation MI. Echocardiography, ECG, and routine laboratory tests, including Hb and creatinine, were performed for all the patients. Then, the data were entered into the SPSS statistical software, version 16 and were analyzed using chi-square, t-test, and ANOVA. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Intra-hospital mortality rate was 10.5%. Besides, the results showed higher levels of serum blood sugar (P < 0.001), higher levels of creatinine (P < 0.001), lower levels of GFR (P < 0.001), lower ejection fraction (P < 0.001), higher grades of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (P = 0.002), and lower mean Hb concentration (P = 0.022) in the dead compared to the alive cases. Besides, the patients with mechanical complications had lower Hb levels (P = 0.008). The results showed no significant relationship between creatinine level and mechanical and electrical complications (P = 0.430 and P = 0.095, respectively). However, ejection fraction was significantly associated with GFR (P = 0.016). Conclusions: According to the results, low levels of Hb and GFR could predict mortality caused by ST-elevation MI and ECG abnormalities could notify intra-hospital death. Moreover, lower Hb levels were associated with mechanical complications and could be used as a parameter for diagnosis of high-risk patients.