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The Effect of Educational Programs on Hypertension Management

AUTHORS

Mohammad Ali Babaee Bigi 1 , Mohammad Javad Zibaeenezhad 1 , * , Kamran Aghasadeghi 1 , Abutaleb Jokar 1 , Shahnaz Shekarforoush 2 , Hajar Khazraei 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Arsanjan Branch, Arsanjan, Fars, Iran

How to Cite: Babaee Bigi M A , Zibaeenezhad M J , Aghasadeghi K , Jokar A , Shekarforoush S , et al. The Effect of Educational Programs on Hypertension Management, Int Cardio Res J. 2017 ; 8(3):e11064.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 8 (3); e11064
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 19, 2017
Accepted: April 06, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Hypertension is the main risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Blood pressure control is a challenge for healthcare providers and the rate of blood pressure control is not more than 50% worldwide.

Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a short-term educational program on the level of knowledge, lifestyle changes, and blood pressure control among hypertensive patients.

Patients and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on the hypertensive patients attending Shiraz Healthy Heart House. In this study, 112 patients were selected via systematic random sampling. The study data were collected using a data gathering form which consisted of baseline characteristics and measurements of blood pressure. Multivariate analyses were used to assess the relationship between education and hypertension.

Results: At baseline, the scores of aware, treated, and controlled hypertensive patients were 21%, 20%, and 12%, respectively. However, these measures were increased to 92%, 95%, and 51%, respectively at the end of the study. The mean knowledge scores improved from 2.77 ± 2.7 to 7.99 ± 1.78 after 3 months (P < 0.001). Also, the mean lifestyle scores changed from 3.15 ± 1.52 to 4.53 ± 1.23 (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The results of the current study indicated that the educational programs were effective in increasing knowledge, improving self-management, and controlling detrimental lifestyle habits of the patients with hypertension.

Keywords

Education Hypertension Knowledge Life Style

© 0, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

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