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The Prevalence of Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease in the Patients who Underwent Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, Shiraz, Iran: Suggesting a Model

AUTHORS

Mohammad Ali Ostovan 1 , Negar Darvish 2 , Mehrdad Askarian 3 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Community Medicine, Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Ostovan M A, Darvish N , Askarian M. The Prevalence of Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease in the Patients who Underwent Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, Shiraz, Iran: Suggesting a Model, Int Cardio Res J. 2017 ; 8(4):e11674.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 8 (4); e11674
Published Online: December 01, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 19, 2017
Accepted: May 22, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of 40% of deaths in Iran annually. Many patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery have previous cardiovascular risk factors which could be prevented.

Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional (descriptive – analytical) study, a data collecting form was used. A total of 246 patients were selected from six hospitals of Shiraz using random stratification. Descriptive statistics were presented through figures and tables and t-test was used to analyze the continuous variables. All the statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical software (version 15.0). Besides, P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: Among the study patients, only 11.67% had no risk factors and 88.33% had one or more risk factors. The most common risk factors observed in the patients were hypertension, obesity and overweight, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. The results showed a significant difference between males and females regarding the prevalence of hypertension (P = 0.001), diabetes (P = 0.028), hypercholesterolemia (P = 0.020), and cigarette smoking (P = 0.001). In addition, the patients' mean levels of cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, and fasting blood sugar were higher than the acceptable level, while that of HDL was lower than the accepted level.

Conclusions:: These patients are recommended to be trained regarding lifestyle changes. Also, prevention strategies can play an important role in reducing patient morbidity and mortality.

Keywords

Coronary Artery Disease,Risk Factors,Coronary Artery Bypass Graft,Iran

© 0, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

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