The Effect of Diabetes Mellitus on Short Term Mortality and Morbidity after Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery
Article Notes and Dates
International Cardiovascular Research Journal: March 31, 2017,
; e12661.Published Online: June 30, 2017
Article Type: Research Article; Received: May 07, 2017; Accepted: May 17, 2013
To Cite :
V , Salmanzadeh
H R , Sayyadi
H , Amestejani
M, Salehi Ardabili
S . et al. The Effect of Diabetes Mellitus on Short Term Mortality and Morbidity after Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery,
Int Cardio Res J.
Copyright © 2017, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. .
Background: This study was conducted to determine whether Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a predictor of short term mortality ; morbidity, or early readmission to hospital after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG).
Methods: We analyzed a large cohort of 952 patients who had undergone isolated CABG. The preoperative, intera operative and postoperative risk factors as well as the complications and 30-day mortality rates were compared between the diabetics and non-diabetics. Among the 952 patients; 734 ones ( (77.1%) were in non-diabetic group and 218 (22.9%) were diabetics.
Results: Having DM did not increase the risk of 30-day mortality. In addition, DM did not affect the major complications; arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction(MI), infective complications, neurological complications, Pulmonary Embolism (PE) except renal complications that was higher in the diabetics (5.5% vs 1.4%; P<0.001, OR=4.2) However reoperation for bleeding was higher in non-diabetic patients (7.9% vs 4.6%; P=0.009, OR=1.7). Nevertheless ,no significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding mechanical ventilation time (hour), reintubation, length of ICU stay (day), length of hospital stay (day), and readmitting as postoperative variables.
Conclusions: Except for renal complications, DM was not associated with adverse outcomes in the patients undergoing isolated CABG.