Comparison of the Cost-Effectiveness of Transesophgeal and Transthoracic Echocardiographies to Detect Cardioembolic Causes of Stroke in Non-Selected Patients

AUTHORS

Hossein Ranjbar 1 , * , Fatemeh Ebrahimi 2 , Elahe Mehrabi 1

1 Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

2 Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

How to Cite: Ranjbar H, Ebrahimi F, Mehrabi E. Comparison of the Cost-Effectiveness of Transesophgeal and Transthoracic Echocardiographies to Detect Cardioembolic Causes of Stroke in Non-Selected Patients, Int Cardio Res J. 2018 ; 12(2):e65547.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 12 (2); e65547
Published Online: June 30, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 23, 2018
Accepted: May 06, 2018

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background:

 

 

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are the major cause of mortality around the world. Knowledge about CVDs is an important subject in encouraging Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) patients to make health changes related to their condition. However, it is still not clear how much knowledge Iranian patients have about such diseases.

 

 

Objectives:

 

 

This study aimed to investigate CR patients’ knowledge of CVDs in East of Iran.

 

 

Patients and Methods:

 

 

This cross-sectional study was carried out on CR patients who had referred to a CR center in Mashhad, Iran between November 2016 and May 2017. A total of 161 patients were recruited using convenience sampling method. A reliable and valid questionnaire was used to assess the patients’ knowledge. The data were entered into the SPSS statistical software, version 16 and were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.

 

 

Results:

 

 

The mean age of the patients was 54.12 ± 14.57 years (range: 19 to 74 years). Mean score of knowledge about CVDs was 40.66 ± 17.19. Most of the participants had a low level of knowledge about CVDs (52.8%). The results showed a significant difference between the mean scores of knowledge in different age groups (P = 0.008) and education levels (P = 0.001). Indeed, men had a higher level of knowledge in exercise (P = 0.009) and psychosocial risk subscales (P = 0.012).

 

 

Conclusions:

 

 

The participants showed an insufficient level of knowledge about CVDs. Thus, appropriate training programs are recommended to improve such patients’ knowledge of CVDs. The research findings also provided a sound and fundamental basis for future studies in this field.

Keywords

Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiac Rehabilitation Knowledge

© 0, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

Fulltext

The full text is available in PDF.

References

  • 1.

    The references are available in PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: