Right Ventricular Septal Pacing vs. Right Ventricular Apical Pacing Following Atrioventricular Node Ablation: A 10-Year Follow-up
International Cardiovascular Research Journal: September 30, 2018, 12 (3); e69785
September 01, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
August 29, 2018
July 01, 2018
N, et al. Right Ventricular Septal Pacing vs. Right Ventricular Apical Pacing Following Atrioventricular Node Ablation: A 10-Year Follow-up,
Int Cardio Res J.
Right Ventricular Septal (RVS) pacing is often recommended as a more physiological alternative to Right Ventricular Apical (RVA) pacing.
This study aimed to determine the long-term outcomes in patients persistently paced following Atrioventricular Node (AVN) ablation.
Materials and Methods:
This study was conducted on 200 patients who underwent Permanent Pacemaker (PPM) implantation prior to AVN ablation with either RVA- or RVS-pacing. Primary endpoints were hospitalization due to Heart Failure (HF) and death. Secondary endpoints included changes in Ejection Fraction (EF), inter- and intra-ventricular dyssynchrony measures, and paced QRS duration. Demographic data were obtained from all patients. In addition, CT chest examinations were analyzed to confirm RVS lead position.
The mean survival time from AVN ablation was 6.32 ± 4.294 years in the RVA group and 3.00 ± 2.546 years in the RVS group (hazard ratio = 3.512, P = 0.0001). The results showed no significant differences between the two sites regarding hospitalization due to HF. Baseline and follow-up EFs were respectively 48.4 ± 13.8% and 53.1 ± 8.5% for RVA pacing and 52.0 ± 10.6% and 55.2 ± 11.3% for RVS pacing (P = 0.911). Moreover, 76% of the patients in the RVS group had a septal lead confirmed on CT chest review. Twenty-four percent of the RVS leads were in alternate sites, including the RVA and free wall.
The results revealed was no diminution in EF with either lead position at long-term follow-up. The mortality rate was significantly less in RVA pacing compared to documented septal pacing although a quarter of the RVS leads were found in alternate sites on CT chest review.
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