In-Hospital Case Fatality Rate and Cox Proportional-Hazards Model for Risk Factors of Mortality Due to Myocardial Infarction in Iran’s Hospitals: A National Study

AUTHORS

Ali Ahmadi 1 , Hamid Soori 2 , Arsalan Khaledifar 3 , *

1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Modeling in Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3

How to Cite: Ahmadi A, Soori H, Khaledifar A. In-Hospital Case Fatality Rate and Cox Proportional-Hazards Model for Risk Factors of Mortality Due to Myocardial Infarction in Iran’s Hospitals: A National Study, Int Cardio Res J. 2017 ; 9(3):e11086.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 9 (3); e11086
Published Online: September 30, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 21, 2017
Accepted: February 17, 2015

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: To date, no hospital-based national study with large sample size has been conducted to determine the predictive factors of in-hospital mortality among patients with Myocardial Infarction (MI) in Iran.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine in-hospital Case Fatality Rate (CFR) and hazard ratio of the factors associated with mortality in the patients with MI diagnosis in Iran.

Patients and Methods: In this nationwide, hospital-based, prospective study, the researchers made use of the data of 20750 new MI cases registered by Iranian Myocardial Infarction Registry (IMIR) in 31 provinces between April 2012 and March 2013. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory variables were obtained from the medical records of patients with confirmed acute MI. Cox regression was done by Stata software, version 12 using univariate and multiple analyses through Breslow method. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: In-hospital mortality rate was 12.1% (N = 2511) and female/male ratio of CFR was 1.36 (95% CI: 1.2 - 1.4). Besides, in-hospital CFR was 8.36: 7.81 - 8.94 in females and 6.12: 5.83 - 6.43 in males. Hazard ratio of mortality for ST segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), chest pain resistant to treatment, and Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB) was 1.32, 4.06, and 2.45, respectively (P < 0.01). Using Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) decreased the risk of death in the patients (HR: 0.68). Overall, 83.7% of the patients with STEMI died.

Conclusions: In Iran, identifying the risk factors of mortality due to MI could contribute to detecting high-risk individuals and improving healthcare by relevant planning and interventions in clinics and communities.

Keywords

Proportional Hazards Models Hospital Mortality Myocardial Infarction

© 0, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

Fulltext

The full text is available in PDF.

References

  • 1.

    The references are available in PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: